There is 1 economic reason why France has a different method than China and the United States to test driverless cars on its roads within 2 years
In the race for artificial intelligence, France must be at the forefront of experimentation for driverless vehicles, Emmanuel Macron said at the end of March, when presenting the country’s strategy in this area.
And to do this, France has opted for a choice focused on security, diametrically opposed to China and the United States, which are now ahead for real-world tests.
“Regarding regulations, we certainly have a progressive approach, based on safety, different from those of China and the United States,” acknowledged in Les Echos, Anne-Marie Idrac, senior official in charge of piloting the national strategy on the autonomous vehicle in France.
China and the United States have taken a definite lead in the development of vehicles and driving systems. California has thus become the Mecca of road tests for all companies around the world while Baidu has obtained permission from Beijing to run its driverless cars for 100 kilometers.
To the economic journal, she gives the reason why France has made this choice to stand out and act as a welcoming place, both for its own companies — Renault, PSA, Navya – and foreign:
“The constrictors are well aware that without security there will be no market”, she told Les Echos.
The fatal accident involving an Uber self-driving car and a female pedestrian was a reminder of all the obstacles that need to be overcome before the driverless car is ubiquitous. The CEO of Nvidia – whose Nvidia Drive technology is used by 370 players including Uber, Mercedes, Audi, Volkswagen and Toyota — even submitted the idea of stopping road tests.
The former Secretary of State for transport and ex-president of the SNCF is due to hand over the conclusions of her mission on Monday, May 14, in particular in terms of the evolution of the French regulatory framework and spatial planning in anticipation of the industrialization of autonomous vehicles.
Emmanuel Macron has decided to ease the constraints for tests on the roads, in real conditions. He thus stated that Level 4 experiments will be possible as early as 2019 — the vehicle can be fully autonomous, but only on certain sections of the road.
In 2022, a regulatory framework will be put in place.