Stockholm has banned Huawei and ZTE to participate in projects 5G

Stockholm has banned Huawei and ZTE to participate in projects 5GНаталья Solovyov | 27.10.2020

Стокгольм запретил Huawei и ZTE участвовать в проектах 5G

The Swedish authorities took the decision to bar Chinese companies Huawei and ZTE from participating in building a 5G network in the country, banning the use of telecommunication equipment of these manufacturers. The auction for licenses in the spectrum for 5G services is scheduled for November 2020, and the participants must remove their equipment from Huawei and ZTE equipment until January 1, 2025.

As stated by the Management of mail and communications of Sweden (Postoch telestyrelsen, PTS), which is quoted by CNBC, it was forced to establish such restrictions after the assessments in the field of information security, produced by the Swedish armed forces and security Services of the country (Swedish Security Service).

The largest Chinese telecommunication equipment suppliers Huawei and ZTE – hostages trade war unleashed by the US against China. In the spring of 2018, the US government has declared Huawei and ZTE pose a security threat, and probably engaged in espionage against American citizens completely banning the use of Huawei and ZTE equipment in public institutions and sales through the retail network of the largest mobile operators and limit them in other segments. Were introduced a seven-year moratorium on the supply of chips Qualcomm and other American technologies in ZTE, which then relented to a fine in the amount of $1 billion and change management. A year later, in may 2019, the Ministry of Commerce of the United States (United States Department of Commerce) enrolled Huawei Technologies in its “black list” – The Entity List, resulting from the cooperation with it were forced to abandon the American company Google, Microsoft, Intel, Qualcomm, Broadcom and others. And this summer the Federal communications Commission (FCC) officially announced Huawei and ZTE threats to national security.

“Based on the overwhelming weight of the evidence, the Bureau FCC public safety and homeland security has identified Huawei and ZTE as national security risks for the communications networks of America – and for our future 5G,” – says the Chairman of the FCC Ajit Pai (Ajit Pai).

“Both companies have close ties with the Communist party of China and the Chinese military apparatus, and, in General, are subject to Chinese law requiring them to cooperate with the secret services of the country, mass media quote the official statements. – We cannot and will not allow the Communist party of China to exploit network vulnerabilities and compromising our critical communications infrastructure”.

After the introduction of these restrictions and pressure that the United States have on the EU markets, the governments of a number of European countries were forced to reconsider the role of Chinese companies to build its telecommunication networks of the last generation.

For example, this summer the UK has decided to support US policy on the exclusion of Chinese technology from Huawei global telecommunication networks, led by the United States. Until 2027 in the British 5G network should not have any equipment manufactured by Huawei – this is the decision of the British authorities.

The second in this series was Sweden – Swedish Security Service has called China one of the biggest threats against Sweden.

Analysts believe that this ban could turn in their favor competing Telecom equipment manufacturers – local Ericsson and Finnish Nokia.

By the decision of the PTS, the company who intend to attend the 5G auction for licenses in the spectrum for services of the new generation of 5G, to be held presumably next month, will also have to remove the Huawei and ZTE equipment from the equipment used to construct the radio access network, transmission network, core network and service and maintenance network until 1 January 2025

To date, the planned auction of spectrum in 3.5 GHz and 2.3 GHz is the key frequencies that are critical for the deployment of 5G, approved the participation of operators Hi3G Access, Net4Mobility (a joint participation of Tele2 and Telenor), Telia Sverige and Teracom.

But, as stated by Ben wood (Ben Wood), the head of research at the research company CCS Insight, the ban leaves the network operators with fewer opportunities and at risk to slow down the introduction of 5G in markets where competition is reduced.

However, a representative of the operator Tele2, who considers Huawei as its major supplier for that equipment in your network, told the media that the decision of PTS did not significantly change the plans of the operator.

“We may have different ways to allocate expenses between years in order to fulfill the established authorities”, – he commented.

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