IT professions: .NET programmer

IT professions: .NET programmer

On the internet, including in our portal, there is no shortage of ads aimed at from the large number of such recruitments it is easy to conclude that these are highly sought-after specialists in the labor market. So we decided to zoom in on the .NET developer profile and briefly describe the technology.

We return to the IT professions cycle, in which we have already brought the work of various IT specialists closer several times. This time we are focusing on .NET developers.before we write a little more about this technology, it is worth a few words about its history. Microsoft began working on .NET in 1990, giving the project the name next generation Windows services. On February 13, 2002, the first version of the .NET framework was released. Since then, Microsoft has been constantly working on the development of .NET, releasing newer and newer versions of the framework.

.NET-technology and idea

It is worth noting right away that .NET is not only a technology, but also an idea. It is based on the belief that the internet is a very important source of communication between different devices (e.g. smartphones, tablets, computers). Microsoft .NET is a way of creating applications that allows you to easily exchange information between different IT systems. At the same time, the .NET platform provides technologies that enable the implementation of the previously described idea.

Basic blocks of the .NET platform:

  • Clr (common language runtime) – common runtime, is the backbone of the platform, loads and manages .NET types .it is a runtime that allows you to work on many different operating systems. The CLR is a virtual machine that executes code in the form of CIL. It is worth adding that the CLR also has a security control mechanism, as well as a module responsible for cleaning memory (Garbage collection), which removes objects for which there are no references anymore.

  • CTS (common type system) – a common type system, a block that describes the data that the runtime provides. The point is that a .NET programmer can use any syntax in different CLI-compliant languages, but at least some of the data types (e.g. class, string, array, etc .) must be determined by the CTS. The latter defines not only the types themselves, but also their behavior.

  • CLS (common language specification) – common language specification. It is this block that defines which subset of CTS should be implemented in order for a given language to be compatible with others that use CLS. In other words, CLS defines the principles of cooperation between different programming languages.

.NET developer-what skills should he have?

If you analyze the ads for the recruitment of .NET developers, you can see that most often employers expect the following skills: experience in building applications based on .NET, knowledge of C#, HTML, JavaScript, jQuery, CSS, ASP.NET MVC, SQL databases, knowledge of design patterns and VBA. Such requirements are due to the fact that .NET developers are often full-stack specialists, that is, they deal with both front-end and back-end . Of course, depending on the specific company, there may also be additional requirements from the candidates. The most frequently described range of responsibilities by employers is the implementation of back-end and web solutions in .NET technology, preparation of technical documentation, cooperation with front-end and testers, development of new applications and maintenance of existing ones . Although the need to know C# is often mentioned in advertisements, in fact, you can use the .NET platform knowing other languages (e.g. C++, Visual Basic, etc.).), because here the basis is the idea of using a common language (common language specification). The program is compiled into the CIL intermediate language before the class method is compiled into the machine language.

A .NET programmer must be familiar with at least one .net development environment.the most common is Visual Studio, which supports many different programming languages. According to data from StackOverflow, 35.6% of programmers worldwide use it. This integrated environment has a code editor, debugger, but also such elements as tools for creating applications, classes, database design and not only. Visual Studio allows you to create stand-alone applications, network services, and even websites. Other development environments that may be an alternative to Visual Studio include MonoDevelop or sharpdevelop. The developer should also be thoroughly familiar with the .NET Framework, which is the most well-known .NET platform (others are e.g. Mono, DotGNU) and ASP.NET for creating web applications and websites.

The demand for .NET developers is high both in the world and in Poland. There is no indication that any fundamental change is to be made in this respect. Therefore, if you are planning a career as a .NET technology specialist and gain the right knowledge, you should not have problems with finding an attractive job.

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