Generational exchange in the labour market is a natural process linked to demography. It is increasingly being heard that the oldest generation X is being slowly replaced by younger members of Generation Y, who in turn are already feeling the breath of the people referred to as Generation Z. How do these generations differ and what are their professional expectations?
Today we are looking at a problem that is increasingly becoming the subject of many scientific works-workers of Generation X, Y, Z. representatives of each of these generations seem to have not only different professional goals, but also different ways of achieving them, they are motivated by different factors. But is it really true? We look at each of these generations today.
Generation X are people who were born between 1965 and 1976. This generation owes its name to the English sociologist Jane Deverson, who used this term as the title of her book, although the current meaning of the term “Generation X” crystallized under the influence of Douglas Coupland’s novel “Generation X: Tales for an accelerated culture”.
Generation X thrived in the shadow of events such as the AIDS epidemic, the rise of the MTV phenomenon, and the fall of the Berlin wall and the communist system in Europe. All this, of course, influenced the formation of the consciousness of this generation. Representatives of Generation X primarily focus on stability and rarely change jobs. A career is important for them, but they would most like to pursue it in their own company. They easily use e-mail and telephone in communication. Generation X employees value teamwork, are highly confident and optimistic, and are moderately entrepreneurial and adaptable. Work is the most important thing for them, and new technologies are not a problem for them. 50% of this generation regularly uses social media. “Iks” had to adapt to the new reality and had to show their value, because they were born and raised in a completely different economic and political system. Workers of this generation are often loyal to their employer and often perform professional duties in overtime at the expense of rest.
In this case, we are dealing with people who were born between 1977 and 1990 and who grew up with the internet. They are often called the web 2.0 generation, the Google Generation, the internet generation, Homo internetus, and even those born with headphones in their ears and a mouse in their hand. However, the basic name of this generation was taken from the English ” why?”, that is, ” why?”. All because the representatives of Generation Y want to know not only what and how to do, but, above all, why. They want to know the meaning of their actions. Work at home and work-life balance are important for them. As the authors of the report of the analytical company Deloitte, “ygreki” often change jobs (an average of 2 years for one employer), which is for them primarily a way of personal development. They expect flexibility from employers, they want to influence company decisions, they value social work, they are open and tolerant. They love to be active, and individuality and independent work style are very important for them. Most of them regularly use social media.
People who are just entering the labour market and were born in the mid-1990s. They are also often referred to as the connected generation. It will not be an exaggeration to say that they live in close symbiosis with new technologies, they are constantly online. Interestingly, on average, they have three electronic devices. The virtual world is as important to them as the reality around them. For the generation from the globe has shrunk considerably, distances have no meaning, borders are irrelevant. Representatives of this generation have friends and acquaintances on different continents, make purchases through the internet around the world. In addition, most of them speak at least one foreign language well and do not have complexes about their foreign peers.
Generation Z has a completely different view of the world than their parents, because they grew up in prosperity, is not in any way burdened by the previous system of Poland. Representatives of Generation Z are generally open and direct. However, most often they are realistic and materialistic, but on the other hand they are often ambitious and extremely creative. It is also worth emphasizing their impatience-they want to have everything here and now, they are not interested in long-term career building, they want to achieve everything quickly. More important to them than knowledge is the ability to quickly search for information.
Finally, it is worth pointing out that this division is in fact theoretical, because representatives of different generations often have characteristics that are not necessarily characteristic of their generation. In fact, it is not the date of birth that determines who is what employee, but his competence and experience.
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