Competitions IT-Software Tester

Competitions IT-Software Tester

In 1958, the world’s first Test team was created, working on the Mercury space flight project. Since then, the role and importance of the software tester has grown significantly, and the profession itself has gained prestige.

Some time ago it was realized that it is cheaper to prevent errors than to remove them from already sold software. This made the role of Tester more important, although it was not always so. Back in the mid-1950s, testing was considered as debugging, only in the following years began to distinguish these actions as two different ones. At the turn of the 70s and 80s of the 20th century, testers focused on finding errors, but from about 1983 they began to focus on measuring the quality of software. Currently, testing is primarily about preventing errors. Testers are no longer treated step-by-step, they work in teams that play an important role in the process of creating new software, and they can count on better and better remuneration. According to the salary report Sedlak & Sedlak software tester earns on average PLN 5200 gross per month, although the amount of salary depends on various factors, such as the size of the company, length of service, region of employment, etc.

Who can become a software tester?

The most general answer is that everyone. We already wrote about the issue of education of people working in it in the article ” does a programmer need to study?”. Software tester is exactly the kind of profession where computer science studies can be useful, but are not compulsory. Many people who work in this position are hobbyists and self-taught, some of them have not even completed technical studies. However, it is worth adding that more and more universities are also opening postgraduate courses in software tester (e.g. Institute of informatics and computer mathematics at Jagiellonian University or Copernicus University in Wrocław).

However, more important than education are the skills and predispositions of a software tester. Of course, technical knowledge is necessary, but this does not mean that you need to get it at the university. It will certainly be useful to know such topics as, for example, scripting languages and system shells, SQL, tools supporting the integration and testing process, the basics of programming, etc. It is important to constantly expand your knowledge. It is also worth taking part in training courses for testers and obtaining certificates, for example ISTQB. But that’s not all. A good software tester should also possess the appropriate soft skills, such as communicability, accuracy, constructive criticism, clarity in conveying information about errors, patience and inquisitiveness. Good knowledge of English is also useful.

What is the tester’s job?

Testing is a complex process in which different levels can be distinguished, corresponding to the different phases of software development. In fact, it is a broader look at the application, taking into account various aspects, from the purpose and functionality to technical issues. In fact, the tester can approach the testing of software in different ways-it performs functional or structural tests. In the first variant, he looks at the application like a typical user, performing certain tasks without delving into technical details (black box testing). In the case of structural tests, it is necessary to look at the code of the program and analyze how the individual parts of the application behave and what libraries are used (white box testing).

Some tests are done manually, others can be automated. However, while the execution of unit tests is not complicated and allows the use of simple tools, the automation of black box testing requires more specialized software and the preparation of appropriate scripts by the tester. The tests themselves may be carried out at different levels and may cover a different range. The simplest are unit tests (checking individual functions), while the more advanced include integration tests (testing the cooperation of different components) and system tests (the operation of the entire application). Of course, each of the tests carried out may have a different purpose, for example, regression tests allow you to check how the application behaves after adding new functionality. In addition, the tester also develops test documentation and reports errors.

In recent years, quality has become increasingly important in software development, which also increases the role of the tester in the application development cycle. This also means that there is an increasing demand for staff to carry out professional tests. In this context, it can be confidently stated that a software tester is a promising profession.

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