News from the IT world. What happened in August.
The end of holidays is often the time of summaries. We stick to this tradition, collecting for you information about what happened in the IT industry in August. While many people enjoyed the delights of summer holidays, the world of new technologies did not slow down at all, surprising us with innovative ideas and projects. Here are a few of them.
Under this mysterious name lies a vaccine that eliminates the threat of Mirai. Remember the beginnings of this malware from last year? Thanks to massive DDoS attacks, after infecting many poorly secured IoT devices, several very well-known services were disabled. In August, we learned that programmers employed in European research institutions (Technical University of Denmark, Orebro University, Innopolis University) have prepared an IT vaccine. It works in a similar way to vaccines in medicine, making the IoT device immune to the effects of Mirai. White warm is implanted into the memory of the susceptible device.
TCP protocol with afterburner
The TCP protocol supports 90% of IP traffic on the internet, so it is not surprising that many people in the world are constantly wondering how to improve this protocol. Many years ago, a great success in this field was achieved by computer scientists from North Carolina State University, who developed the popular CUBIC algorithm, which increases the performance of the TCP protocol. It turns out that Google engineers also faced this problem. The Mountain View company announced the creation of the BBR algorithm (Bottleneck Bandwidth and roundtrip), which can speed up the TCP protocol by up to 14%. Google’s algorithm analyzes traffic on the network, and when congestion occurs, it determines another optimal route that the data will reach the next router. The BBR algorithm has already been implemented on YouTube, and recently also on the Google Cloud Platform.
Speech recognition becoming more effective!
Remember a year ago, Microsoft boasted about a new system that took phone calls and turned them into text? It turned out that there were many errors, and speech recognition left much to be desired. This was in September 2016. A lot has changed since then. During this year, Microsoft worked intensively to improve its system. A few days ago, the concern boasted that the new version of the system makes fewer errors in voice recognition than a human. While last year the rate of errors made by Microsoft was 6.3%, now the computer does not recognize less than 5 words per 100 spoken. Microsoft surprised experts who in 2015 predicted that such a good speech recognition system could be created in 5 years at the earliest.
Premiere of the new Android
August 21, we witnessed the premiere of a new version of Android. This is already version 8.0 of the platform for mobile devices, which received the commercial name Oreo (Android O). There was a bit of drama because Google decided to sign up to an astronomical event that took place that day. We are talking about the eclipse of the sun, which at the culmination of the moment acquired the shape of an O. but more important than this whole shell is what has changed in the new version of Android. Several new solutions have been introduced, which, on the one hand, are intended to ensure the energy efficiency of the devices, and on the other-to increase the intuitive operation. We can now check the battery status faster (the level of charge displayed in the status bar of Android), start the system is faster, changed the way notifications are displayed (the icon directly next to the application name), implemented changes in the “settings” option (you can configure the system faster and easier). Google has also introduced new features such as picture-in-picture (you can, for example, use an app and have a video conversation at the same time), smart text selection (easier text management) and Google Play Protect (scanning apps for threats). On the other hand, a mechanism called Treble will take care of the instant updating of the system.
Exploding batteries for Lamus
From time to time, the world circulates information about exploding smartphones. However, it seems that this problem will soon be effectively solved. Recall that the lithium-ion battery is two electrodes (carbon and metal oxides) separated by electrolyte, which allows the exchange of ions. Unfortunately, this process has its negative side, because it leads to the accumulation of precipitates in the electrolyte (dendrites). When there is a lot of such deposits, a short circuit may occur, which often results in an explosion of the battery. However, scientists from Drexel University recently announced that they have found a way to exploding batteries. It turns out that the key is to use nanodiamonds. When added to the electrolyte, they effectively reduce the formation of dendrites and eliminate the risk of explosion. This solution is still in the refinement phase, but the results are already promising.
The latest edition of the report” Trend Micro 2017 1H Smart Home Network Security Summary ” has appeared, thanks to which we can find out where in the world the most cyber attacks on the home internet are carried out. Since the beginning of this year, more than 1.8 million attacks have been carried out through home routers. These were both inbound and outbound attacks. In the first case, it is simply about breaking into home devices connected to the internet (often computers, consoles and IP cameras), in the second – first control over the home network device is taken over, with which then an attack on other devices is carried out (often DDoS attacks). 80% of these are outbound attacks. Home devices become easy targets for cybercriminals because they are usually connected to unsecured networks, their default passwords are not changed, and many users do not update their software regularly. Trend Micro lists in its report 10 countries whose residents were most often attacked during the first 6 months of 2017: the USA (28% of all global cyberattacks), China (7%), the United Kingdom (7%), Hong Kong (5%), canada (5%), Australia (4%), Sweden (4%), the Netherlands (4%), Taiwan (3%), Russia (3%). Although there is no Poland on this list, it is worth remembering that each of us can also become a victim of such a cyberattack.
Oracle wants to give back Java to EE
Everything indicates that soon the responsibility for the development of Java EE will fall to a new entity, because Oracle does not hide that it would like to get rid of this ballast. During the presentation of the latest version of Java EE 8 software, an oracle representative openly said that it was time to reflect on who should take responsibility for the further future of Java EE in the near future. The concern is already openly looking for takers, while declaring that it will continue to support this technology. Oracle would like the Apache Software Foundation or Eclipse Foundation to take care of Java EE. The representative of the latter foundation has already given preliminary consent to this.
If you would like to recall what the IT industry was like in July, we invite you to read our article HERE.