Artificial intelligence manages to predict breast cancer more than 4 years before it is visible
Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the United States have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) capable of detecting breast cancer cases four years before they are visible in traditional imaging, reports the website of Sciences et Avenir, citing a study published in the scientific journal Radiology. In concrete terms, the AI was able to detect abnormalities on the mammograms of patients that could not be detected or interpreted with traditional techniques.
“Our goal is to make this breakthrough a full-fledged component of standard care,” explained Dr. Adam Yala, first author of the study. He added: “By predicting who will develop cancer in the future, we can hope to save lives and counter the disease even before the symptoms manifest themselves.”Indeed, the earlier the tumor is detected, the greater the patient’s chances of survival, hence the importance of the earliest possible diagnosis.
Quoted by Sciences et Avenir, Allison Kurian, professor of medicine at Stanford University (USA), who was not involved in the study, considered that these first results are very promising because “the model works for both black and white women, which had not been the case with previous assessment tools. If validated and made available, it could really improve our current risk estimation strategies.”
To train this AI, MIT scientists used the deep learning technique based on mammograms of 60,000 patients at Massachusetts General Hospital. In addition to detection, AI can advance the risk of breast cancer occurring in the next five years by analyzing the structure of cell tissues.
AI is making promising advances in the field of health. For example, Google researchers have designed an algorithm that can detect an eye disease that affects about 50% of diabetics.
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